Umm Kulthum - Star of the East
About the Friends of Umm Kulthum

This web site was conceived to be a comprehensive collection of information on the life and work of Umm Kulthum in the English language, solely for educational purposes. This is but a small effort, on my part, to honour the memory of the late Umm Kulthum and also to promote her life and works to a new generation of people who have discovered her music, or may discover her music, through reading this web site.

This site has no donation request links, no commercial links, no click-through or amazon commission links and accepts no advertising of any kind from any source. The cost of domain name and time and energy spent to create and maintain this web site is paid for totally out of my own pocket. In this respect, this web site may be truly regarded as a "hobbyist" site.

Fair use rationale

It is considered necessary for a proper understanding of the artist, Umm Kulthum's, creativity to be able to view examples of her work. It is considered that in all cases of such use on this website that this will not cause commercial harm to the copyright holder. It is believed that this is fair use and does not infringe copyright. There are no known free alternatives available.

All soundclips and brief video clips on this web site are intended only for educational purposes and it is not the intention of this site to illegally share sound or video files with the general public, or breach copyright law in any way. On this basis, all sound and video clips are included on this site under the "Fair Use" clause of the Copyright Act, under Title 17 of the United States Code. and Sections s29 and s30 of the "Fair Dealing" clause of The Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 2003 of the United Kingdom. We hope that you will agree that this web site is solely of an educational and non-profit nature, in this respect.

According to section 107 of the United States Copyright Act of 1976 :

The fair use of a copyrighted work...for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.[1]

All images, video clips or other media is used for non-profit purposes. This factor is noted as relevant by the Act.

This site does not claim to hold the copyright of any proprietary music, video, text or otherwise. If you are the copyright holder of any item on this site, please contact us and we will be very happy to credit your name. We apologise in advance if anyone has been omitted, in this respect.

Thank you for reading this page and we hope that you will enjoy your visit. Please share the pages of this site and together, let us bring the life and marvellous works of Umm Kulthum to an international audience via the English language.

If you are able to contribute a written article for this website, or send photographs or extended information on any current page content, we would be very pleased to hear from you. Please contact us and we will be very happy to receive and consider your contribution.

JL Farmer
Site conception and webmaster

This site is always under construction

Friends of Umm Kulthum, 2011-2016